Born in Milan in 1934, Giulia Niccolai is the daughter of an Italian father and an American mother, and grew up in both Italy and the United States. During the 1950s, she began working as a photojournalist for various Italian, European and American publications, including Life, Paris Match and Der Spiegel. In the late 1960s, she quit professional photography to focus on writing. She was a member of the neo-avant-garde group of writers, Gruppo 63, and published her novel Il grande angolo [“Wide Angle”] in 1966. She produced her first book of poetry Humpty Dumpty, written in English, in 1969. In 1970, with Adriano Spatola, she founded the internationally known poetry journal, Tam Tam.